Nuwara Eliya is a city, located in the hill country of the Central Province, Sri Lanka. It is located at an altitude of 1,868 m (6,128 ft) and is considered to be the most important location for Tea production in Sri Lanka. The city is overlooked by Pidurutalagala, the tallest mountain in Sri Lanka.
The city was founded by Samuel Baker, the discoverer of Lake Albert and the explorer of Nile in 1846.
Nuwara Eliya’s climate lent itself to becoming the prime sanctuary of the British civil servants and planters in Ceylon.
Nuwara Eliya, called Little England then, was a hill country retreat where the British colonialists could immerse in their pastimes such as fox hunting, deer hunting, elephant hunting, polo, golf and cricket.
Horton Plains National Park is a protected area in the central highlands of Sri Lanka and is covered by grassland and cloud forest. This plateau at an altitude of 2,100–2,300 meters (6,900–7,500 ft) is rich in biodiversity and many species found here are endemic to the region. This region was designated a national park in 1988. It is also a popular tourist destination and is situated 32 kilometers (20 mi) from Nuwara Eliya.
Horton Plains is a popular tourist destination, with World’s End being the key attraction. World’s End is a sheer precipice with a 870 m (2,854 ft) drop. It is situated at the southern boundary of the park.
Another cliff known as the Lesser World’s End of 270 m (886 ft) is located not far from World’s End. Baker’s Falls, a waterfall formed by Belihul Oya, a tributary of the Walawe River is named after Sir Samuel Baker, a hunter and explorer who attempted to establish a European agricultural settlement at Nuwara Eliya. The falls are 20 meters (66 ft) high. Slab Rock Falls is another well-known waterfall in the plains.
Sri Pada or Adams Peak is a 2,243 meters (7,359 ft) tall conical mountain located in central Sri Lanka. For Buddhists, the footprint mark is the left foot of Buddha, left behind when Buddha visited Sri Lanka.
Tamil Hindus consider it as the footprint of Lord Shiva. It is also fabled that the mountain is the legendary mount Trikuta the capital of Ravana during the Ramayana times from where he ruled Lanka.
Muslims and Christians in Sri Lanka ascribe it to where Adam, the first Ancestor, set foot as he was exiled from the Garden of Eden. The legends of Adam are connected to the idea that Sri Lanka was the original Eden.
The entire area is characterized by its striking landscapes often robed in thick layers of cloud but, in addition to its aesthetic value the range is of great scientific interest.